About Cognitive Behaviour Therapy – CBT


This is a mixture of cognitive and behaviour therapies. They are often combined because how we behave often reflects how we think about certain things or situations. The emphasis on cognitive or behaviour aspects of therapy can vary, depending on the condition being treated. For example, there is often more emphasis on behaviour therapy when treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (where repetitive compulsive actions are a main problem). On the other hand, the emphasis may be more on cognitive therapy when treating depression.

These are only some disorders that are successfully treated with CBT:-


  • depression

  • eating disorders

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder

  • body dysmorphic disorder

  • anger management

  • post-traumatic-stress disorder

  • relationship problems

  • marriage counseling

  • anxiety disorders including phobias, panic attacks and panic disorder and others

  • personality disorders, narcissism, anti-social behaviour, histrionic, avoidant and others


The first session of therapy will include time for us to develop a shared understanding of the problem. This is usually to identify how your thoughts, ideas, feelings, attitudes and behaviours affect your day-to-day life.


Then we agree a treatment plan, goals you wish to achieve and the number of sessions likely to be needed. Each session lasts about 50-60 minutes. Typically, a session of therapy is done once a week. Most courses of CBT last for several weeks. It is common to have 10-15 sessions, but a course of CBT can be longer or shorter, depending on the nature and severity of the condition. You have to take an active part, we will do Thought Monitors during a session and you will be given these as optional 'homework' between sessions and some reading material.


CBT has been shown in clinical trials to help ease symptoms of various health problems. For example, research studies have shown that a course of CBT is just as effective as medication in treating depression and anxiety disorders. There are long-term benefits of CBT as the techniques to combat these problems can be used for the rest of your life to help keep symptoms away. So, for example, depression or anxiety are less likely to recur in the future.


CBT is one type of psychotherapy ('talking treatment'). Unlike other types of psychotherapy it does not involve 'talking freely' or dwell throughout treatment on events in your past to gain insight into your emotional state of mind, like psychodynamic therapy.


CBT tends to deal with the 'here and now' - how your current thoughts and behaviours are affecting you now. It recognizes that events in your past have shaped the way that you currently think and behave and this is discussed in early sessions. In particular, thought patterns and behaviours learned in childhood known as ‘schema’. However, CBT does not dwell on the past, but aims to find solutions on how to change your current thoughts and behaviours so that you can function better in the future.